Different Types of Architectural Styles and Roofing
The City of Shaker Heights has a rich and varied history. The design and construction of smaller homes were held to the same Shaker standard as the larger homes. There are three broad architectural styles that were promoted within the Shaker Village Standards: English, French, and Colonial. Many of these homes were built with Slate and Tile roofing. These three styles, although different, blend harmoniously with each other creating refined neighborhoods that have stood the test of time.
The English style encompasses four categories: Early English, Jacobethan, English Tudor, and Cottage. An Early English home, with its towers, small vertical windows, and steep rooflines, has a medieval appearance. Jacobethan homes frequently have bay windows and stone mullions frame the rectangular leaded glass windows. The English Tudor homes typically display half‐timbering, where stucco or brick fills the areas between the exposed timbers. The Cottage style homes have distinctive rooflines. The shingles extend beyond the edge of the roof and curl around the edges imitating the look of a thatched roof.
The predominant French styles found in Shaker Heights are Country Chateau and French Classical. Country Chateau homes have steeply pitched hip roofs. Dormers cutting into the lower roofline help to diminish the dominance of the roof. Exterior walls are brick, stone or stucco and the roofing material is typically wood shingle or slate. French Classical homes, constructed of brick or stone, possess large vertical windows adorned with stone.
Colonial homes can be described as New England Vernacular, Federal, Georgian, Pennsylvania Farmhouse, and Dutch Colonial. New England Vernacular homes have shingle or clapboard siding, central front entry and double hung windows with shutters. Details found on Federal style homes include decorative moldings around the roofline, sidelights and a semi‐circular fanlight over the front door, as well as second‐story Palladian windows. Many Georgian residences have a decorative molding around the roofline, typically in a dentil pattern. The windows are symmetrical, aligned both vertically and horizontally. Pennsylvania Farmhouses typically have first floor stone walls with high‐contrasting mortar. Dutch Colonial homes can be easily identified by their double‐pitched gambrel roofs.
Hazlett has a long history in Northeast, Ohio and continues to service clay and tile and slate roofs throughout the area. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, many homes built in Shaker Heights, Cleveland Heights, Beachwood, Forest Hills, and Pepper Pike have Ludowici Tile on their roof. One of the most durable man-made roofing materials, after over half a century, countless roofs still have the original tile in great condition. It is with thoughtful maintenance and timely seasonal repairs that we can keep these clay tile roofs looking and performing at their best. We also match all repairs to the historic clay tile roofs in our area.